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Marine Protected Areas and

Marine Reserves

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There is a lot of information (and misinformation) about the concept of "marine protected areas" (or MPAs) (also called "marine reserves," "marine parks" and such) as well as some good information on the Internet. This page contains links to some of this information for your review and consideration. Please check back frequently for updates.

Contact us at fish1ifr@aol.com if you discover any other sources not listed here that you would like to recommend for a link. You can either scroll down or, for convenience, you can use the links embedded in the table below to navigate this page. Some links lead to elsewhere on this page, others will lead to new pages.

PCFFA Policy Statements and PCFFA Articles Other Articles on MPAs Books and Resources Organizations Advocating MPAs Conferences
Listservers and Working Groups Specific MPA's and reserves The legal underpinnings of MPA and reserves "Essential fish habitat" under the US Sustainable Fisheries Act Scientific bibliography on MPA and Reserves

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{short description of image} PCFFA Policy Statements and PCFFA Articles

PCFFA Policy Statements on Marine Protected Areas

PCFFA Testimony to the California Assembly Select Committee on Coastal Protection (1 December 1997)

Marine Reserves: Friend or Foe? (From February, 1999, Fishermen's News)

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{short description of image} Other Articles on Marine Protected Areas

Marine Protected Areas: Special Places in the Sea. By David Lloyd, an Australian site

Strengthen and Expand Marine Protected Areas -- Agenda Item 5 of the Center for Marine Conservation (see Organizations below)

Who Will Speak for the Oceans? -- Article on the need for marine reserves by Vikki Spruill, SeaWeb Executive Director. SeaWeb is a marine ecosystem protection project organized and funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts.

Developing a network of marine reserves for New Zealand. Speech by Kathy Walls, Department of Conservation, New Zealand, to the Marine Ecosystem Management Obligations and Opportunities Conference, February, 1998, in Zew Zealand.

Marine Reserves: A Promising Tool to Protect Oceans. By Dr. Rod Fujita, marine ecologist with Environmental Defense Fund's Oceans Program, and EDF Trustee Dr. Jane Lubchenco, Professor of marine biology at Oregon State University.

Saving a Place for Marine Life, Gary Polakovic, Los Angeles Times (August 27, 1999).

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{short description of image} Books and Other Resources

Sustaining Marine Fisheries, National Academy Press in Washington, DC (Box 285, Washington, DC 20055, (800)624-6242 or from their Web site bookstore at: http://www.nap.edu/bookstore looking under "Marine and Maritime Studies"). Discusses the scientific rationale for MPAs and other ways to protect and maintain marine resources. The National Academy Press is an arm of the U.S. National Academy of Science. This book is a must for anyone grappling with these policy issues!

Marine Protected Areas and Ocean Conservation, Trudi S. Agardy, World Wildlife Fund. Academic Press (March, 1997). 224 pages (£52.50) [ISBN:0120444550]. This book reviews the arguments for marine protected reserves and summarizes general measures for ocean and coastal conservation. The second half of the book is a guideline for designing and implementing protected areas.

Marine Protected Areas in European Waters: The British Isles - S. Gubbay. British Marine Conservation Society. A detailed descriptive inventory of marine protected areas around the British Isles, this 160 page report also reviews the relevant legislation of the UK, Isle of Man, Channel Islands and Ireland. Will make a useful contribution to the debate on selection of MPAs throughout Europe. Order through British Marine Conservation Society.

Guide for Establishing Marine Protected Areas - S G. Kelleher & R. Kenchington. British Marine Conservation Society. Addresses many of the principles, practices and formats that have been demonstrated to be successful in ecological, socio-economic and governmental situations in several geographical areas. Order through British Marine Conservation Society.

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{short description of image} Organizations Advocating Marine Protected Areas

Center for Marine Conservation (CMC) -- The Center for Marine Conservation is committed to conserving the abundance and diversity of the world's marine life and protecting the health of the oceans and seas. Located in Washington, DC, with satellite offices on the US west coast and in Alaska. One of the oldest and most credible marine protection organizations.

Marine Life Sanctuaries Society (MLSS) -- Primarily working in British Columbia, Canada, which has 107 marine protected areas, but only 34 of which are intended to protect one or more species.

Sustainable Ecosystems Institute (SEI) - Portland, OR (USA). A nonprofit organization involved in MPA design in the Caribbean and MPA monitoring and evaluation.

Reef Ball Foundation -- Gulf States (USA), uses artificial reefs to restore damaged reefs, advocates marine reserves.

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{short description of image} Conferences on Marine Protected Reserves

Marine Protected Areas and Biosphere Reserves: Towards a New Paradigm -- Proceedings of a Canberra, Australia Conference in 1994 sponsored by the Australian Nature Conservation Agency and UNESCO. Contains links to many of the articles and information on how to get the full Proceedings

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{short description of image} Listservers and Working Groups

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{short description of image} Information on Specific MPAs and Reserve Programs




New Zealand

Republic of Mauritius

South Africa

United Kingdom/Europe

United States of America

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{short description of image} The Legal Underpinnings of the Marine Protected Area and the Reserve Concept

(Under construction)

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{short description of image} "Essential Fish Habitat" Designated under the U.S. Sustainable Fisheries Act, and How That Relates to Marine Protected Areas

Essential Fish Habitat: Background Information -- An excellent site maintained by Rutgers University.

What is 'Essential Fish Habitat'? -- Information sheet by Institute for Fisheries Resources.

Essential Fish Habitat: A More Holistic Approach to Fisheries Management -- Article by Island Press on EFH from the environmental perspective, with good links.

Essential Fish Habitat Information -- Up to date information on the EFH program by the Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission.

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This website was last updated 11/16/01 and is in the process of substantial revision to correct broken links and update the list of resources. You are visitor number since 3/2/99. If there are any broken links, please let us know at fish1ifr@aol.com. We will update these links as soon as possible.